Fresh appetite for mini-metal LME contracts

first_img Major London Metal Exchange brokers are taking a belated interest in the previously dormant LME mini metal contracts, metals industry sources said yesterday, adding the contracts may yet take off.The news comes ahead of plans by the LME and the Singapore Exchange (SGX) to launch copper and zinc cash-settled minis cleared through SGX by the first quarter of next year – part of the LME’s bid to increase its footprint in Asia.The LME originally launched small-size, cash-settled, monthly copper, aluminium and zinc futures contracts in December 2006, with one contract or lot equivalent to five tonnes as opposed to 25 tonnes for the parent contracts. They traded on the LME Select system.According to one source, the uptick in interest in the original mini contracts is primarily due to changes in trading conditions and rules since then.“For the initial launch of LME minis in 2006, only a very few clients plus traders could access mini prices on LME Select, [so] critical mass was not reached,” he said. “The situation today is different – the inclusion of electronic market-makers, proliferation of client access… it’s likely the LME mini will take off.”Another reason for renewed interest is that brokers have become aware of certain advantages to trading the contracts that were not in place before, the source said.For example, the LME recently removed the “order execution limit”, or the limit on the ratio of orders to trades for the minis, he said.FAST FACTS | LME Established more than 130 years ago, the LME is the world’s premier non-ferrous metals market offering futures and options contracts.In 2009 the LME achieved volumes of 111.9m lots, equivalent to $7.41 trillion annually. Show Comments ▼ More From Our Partners Native American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgMatt Gaetz swindled by ‘malicious actors’ in $155K boat sale boondogglenypost.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comMark Eaton, former NBA All-Star, dead at 64nypost.comUK teen died on school trip after teachers allegedly refused her pleasnypost.com980-foot skyscraper sways in China, prompting panic and evacuationsnypost.comFeds seized 18 devices from Rudy Giuliani and his employees in April raidnypost.comI blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.comWhy people are finding dryer sheets in their mailboxesnypost.comInside Ashton Kutcher and Mila Kunis’ not-so-average farmhouse estatenypost.comBiden received funds from top Russia lobbyist before Nord Stream 2 giveawaynypost.comSupermodel Anne Vyalitsyna claims income drop, pushes for child supportnypost.com Tags: NULL Ad Unmute by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastUndoMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryUndoMoneyPailShe Was Famous, Now She Works In {State}MoneyPailUndoSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesUndoMagellan TimesThis Is Why The Roy Rogers Museum Has Been Closed For GoodMagellan TimesUndoElite HeraldExperts Discover Girl Born From Two Different SpeciesElite HeraldUndoZen HeraldThe Truth About Why ’40s Actor John Wayne Didn’t Serve In WWII Has Come To LightZen HeraldUndomoneycougar.comThis Proves The Osmonds Weren’t So Innocentmoneycougar.comUndoTaonga: The Island FarmThe Most Relaxing Farm Game of 2021. No InstallTaonga: The Island FarmUndo whatsappcenter_img Share whatsapp Fresh appetite for mini-metal LME contracts KCS-content Monday 1 November 2010 7:43 pmlast_img read more

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WHAT THE OTHER PAPERS SAY THIS MORNING

first_img Share whatsapp KCS-content Tuesday 15 February 2011 8:58 pm Show Comments ▼ center_img Tags: NULL FINANCIAL TIMESJERSEY AND ISLE OF MAN OFFER TAX SOP TO BRUSSELSJersey and the Isle of Man have announced changes to their corporate tax regimes in an effort to neutralise criticism from Brussels. Both crown dependencies said they were withdrawing laws that aim to stop local shareholders from avoiding personal income tax by rolling up income in companies subject to a zero per cent corporate tax rate. HIGH-FLYERS TO ESCAPE MIGRATION CAPHigh-flyers earning more than £150,000 a year will be exempt from the yearly cap on economic migration, ministers will announce today. The move comes in response to fears that the limit would hinder the City’s ability to hire global talent. The concession will be welcomed by business leaders, who have warned that the limit on work permits threatens to damage trading partnerships.CYPRUS COURT LIFTS INJUNCTION ON RUSSIAN TYCOONA Cyprus court has lifted an injunction freezing a large part of Suleiman Kerimov’s business empire, including the Russian tycoon’s 25 per cent stake in Uralkali, which is part of a planned merger to create the world’s biggest potash producer by output.EDF PROFITS DIVE AFTER PROVISIONSEDF hopes to reassure investors on its development plans this spring, after the French state-controlled utility group saw net annual profits fall 74 per cent on the back of €2.9bn (£1.8bn) in provisions to cover risks in its international businesses. Senior executives said management would meet in the spring to consider the group’s future investment priorities as the group faces up to duller prospects in the US and Italian markets. THE TIMESCAIRN CHIEF WARNS TIME IS RUNNING OUT ON INDIAN OILFIELD DEALCairn Energy’s chief executive has flown to Delhi to try to salvage a $9.6 bn deal to sell its stake in India’s largest onshore oilfield. Sir Bill Gammell’s arrival coincided with a fresh delay in securing government approval for the deal. The Oil Minister S. Jaipal Reddy said yesterday the Cabinet would not make a decision on the sale of up to 60 per cent of Cairn India for two to three weeks. ORDERING A PIZZA FROM THE MIDDLE OF A MOTORWAYHungry motorists will soon be able to phone ahead to the next motorway service station to order a Pepperoni Passion or a Hawaiian thin crust after Domino’s Pizza signed a deal with Moto Hospitality to open takeaways on up to 43 sites.The Daily TelegraphWIKILEAKS: BHP BILLITON CHIEF MARIUS KLOPPERS OFFERED INTELLIGENCE ON CHINA TO USThe head of mining giant BHP Billiton offered to share intelligence about China with US authorities, according to Wikileaks cables seen by the Sydney Morning Herald. The revelations came as BHP, the world’s largest mining company, prepared to unveil record interim results. Marius Kloppers, BHP’s chief executive, said he would exchange information with US diplomats in 2009, as he detailed the high level of surveillance that Chinese authorities had on his company. China is BHP’s largest customer.APPLE’S CHILD LABOUR ISSUES GET WORSEApple, the technology giant, has admitted child labour is a growing problem at factories making its computers, iPods and mobile phones.THE WALL STREAT JOURNALJUDGE SAYS BARCLAYS “MANIPULATED” DEL MONTE SALEA Delaware judge issued a scathing decision that criticised Barclays Capital’s role as the lead adviser to Del Monte Foods in the food maker’s proposed $4bn sale to private-equity firms. J. Travis Laster, a judge in Delaware Chancery Court, said the Barclays unit failed to disclose “behind-the-scenes efforts” to put Del Monte in play or to tell the San Francisco company about the bank’s goal to provide financing to Del Monte buyers Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co., Vestar Capital Partners and Centerview Capital.J&J RECALLS 70,000 SYRINGESJohnson & Johnson has recalled about 70,000 syringes of antipsychotic Invega, an injectable formulation, after discovering cracks in the syringes. whatsapp WHAT THE OTHER PAPERS SAY THIS MORNING last_img read more

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Constance Hotels Services Limited (CHSL.mu) Q32017 Interim Report

first_imgConstance Hotels Services Limited (CHSL.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Tourism sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about Constance Hotels Services Limited (CHSL.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Constance Hotels Services Limited (CHSL.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Constance Hotels Services Limited (CHSL.mu)  2017 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileConstance Hotels Services Limited is a Mauritian company engaged in the management and ownership of hotels and resorts that include Ultimate hotels and Unique resorts in the Indian Ocean. The Ultimate hotels collection includes Constance Le Prince Maurice- Mauritius, Constance Lemuria- Seychelles and Constance Halaveli- Maldives whilst the company’s Unique resorts collection includes Constance Belle Mare Plage- Mauritius, Constance Ephelia- Seychelles, Constance Moofushi- Maldives and Constance Tsarabanjina- Madagascar. Constance Hotels Services Limited is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.last_img read more

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European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from anywhere

first_imgEuropean Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from FranceTo watch the Champions Cup in France, beIN Sports is the place to go as they are the rights holders and will show every game live.beIN Sports offersCertain matches are also available on free-to-air FR2, including La Rochelle v Sale Sharks (kick-off 4pm French time) on Saturday 10 April and Clermont Auvergne v Toulouse (kick-off 4pm) on Sunday 11 April this weekend.European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from elsewhere in EuropeTelefonica has the rights to show the Champions Cup in Spain and Andorra, Sport TV in Portugal and GO in Malta.European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from the USAIf you live in the States, the official broadcaster of Champions Cup matches is NBC, with matches streamed on Peacock Premium, which is available for $4.99 a month.Get Peacock Premium How to watch the European Champions Cup from outside your countryIf you’re abroad, but still want to watch your local Champions Cup coverage, you can do so by using a VPN – Virtual Private Network.VPNs allow you to get around any geo-blocking by changing your IP address so you appear in a different location and can watch the same legal Champions Cup live stream you would at home.Our friends at TechRadar have tested hundreds of VPN and recommend ExpressVPN, which is easy to use, has strong security features and allows you to watch on several devices at once, including smart TVs and phones, iPads, tablets, PCs and Macs.Plus, ExpressVPN comes with a 30-day money-back guarantee. You can try it out for a month for free or sign up for an annual plan and get three months free.Check out ExpressVPN All the details you need to watch the quarter-finals in Europe’s elite competition Clermont host Toulouse in the last quarter-final (AFP/Getty Images) European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from AustraliaFor those in Australia, beIN Sports now has the rights to show European Champions Cup matches in 2020-21.You can also stream beIN Sports’ coverage live and on-demand through Kayo Sports. A basic package is $25 a month and premium is $35 a month – and they offer a FREE 14-day trial to new customers.Kayo Sports offer Can’t get to the shops? You can download the digital edition of Rugby World straight to your tablet or subscribe to the print edition to get the magazine delivered to your door.Follow Rugby World on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch matches online from anywhereEuropean Champions Cup quarter-finals weekend is here!After the cancellation of the second block of pool matches in January, the 2020-21 competition moved directly into knockout stages with a round of 16 last weekend and now it’s time for the quarter-finals.Related: European Champions Cup fixturesBT Sport will be showing every Champions Cup knockout match live in the UK and Ireland while there is also one game on free-to-air TV each weekend.There are broadcasters all over the world showing Champions Cup matches live and in those territories where there isn’t a broadcast deal, EPCR now have an OTT platform to deliver live coverage themselves.Below are details of how to find a reliable Champions Cup live stream wherever you are.center_img European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from the UK & IrelandBT Sport has the rights to show the Champions Cup in the UK and Ireland, and are showing every match in the knockout stages.If you don’t have a BT contract but want to watch the competition, don’t worry because you can still easily watch it online. That’s because BT Sport has a contract-free monthly pass that allows you to get instant access to all four of their sport channels for just £25.Get a BT Sport Monthly PassIf you’re from the UK but are overseas when there is a particular match you want to watch, you can get your normal live stream but you’ll need a VPN – see the information above.In the UK, Channel 4 show one match a round on free-to-air television while Virgin Media One in Ireland do the same. In the quarter-finals, La Rochelle v Sale Sharks (kick-off 3pm) on Saturday 10 April is live on both channels. European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from New ZealandSky Sport NZ has the rights to show the Champions Cup in the Land of the Long White Cloud, with the first two quarter-finals (early hours of Sunday NZ time) on Sky Sport 4 and the second two (early hours of Monday NZ time) on Sky Sport 1.It costs $31.99 a month to add Sky Sport to your Sky Starter pack ($25.99) but if you sign up for 12 months before 30 June 2021 you’ll get your first month free. Plus, you’ll get Sky Go, which allows you to watch live rugby wherever you are.Sky Sport NZ offer We recommend VPN services in the context of legal recreational uses. For example:Accessing a service from another country (subject to the terms and conditions of that service)Protecting your online security and strengthening your online privacy when abroadWe do not support or condone the illegal or malicious use of VPN services. Consuming pirated content that is paid-for is neither endorsed nor approved by Future Publishing.  European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from South AfricaSuperSport has the rights to broadcast the Champions Cup in South Africa and it is showing all four quarter-finals live.There are various DStv packages available that give access to SuperSport.European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from South-East AsiaAgain, beIN Sports has the broadcast rights for European rugby in Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and other South-East Asia countries.European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from the CaribbeanIn the Caribbean, SportsMax is where to head to watch Champions Cup matches.European Champions Cup live stream: How to watch from elsewhereEPCR have launched an OTT service, epcrugby.tv, so you can stream live Challenge Cup matches outside of its core broadcast territories (UK & Ireland, France, USA, Malta, Spain, Andorra, Portugal, Malta, Australia and Sub-Saharan Africa).It’s €19.99 for a weekend pass, which allows you to watch all Champions Cup and Challenge Cup quarter-finals.Find out more about epcrugby.tv LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALSlast_img read more

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La Fresque / Ithaques + Atelier WRA

first_img Projects Year:  CopyApartments•Versailles, France France Year:  ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/463386/la-fresque-ithaques-atelier-wra Clipboard Photographs Apartments 2013 “COPY” Architects: Atelier WRA, Ithaques Area Area of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeIthaquesOfficeFollowAtelier WRAOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingApartmentsVersaillesHousingFrancePublished on January 03, 2014Cite: “La Fresque / Ithaques + Atelier WRA” 03 Jan 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogFaucetshansgroheKitchen MixersVinyl Walls3MExterior Vinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Fine WoodPartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Zenith® SeriesCultural / SportsPENT FitnessFitness Equipment – BANKA™ Weight BenchSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – B-ClassConcreteKrytonCrystalline Waterproofing – KIMMetal PanelsTrimoQbiss One in OfficesBricksFeldhaus KlinkerFacing Bricks – Waterstruck VascuWood Boards / HPL PanelsInvestwoodViroc Nature for FurnitureCurtain WallsMetawellFacades – Aluminum Curtain WallsHeatingFocusFireplaces – PaxfocusPatios / TerracesGlas MarteGlass Pavilion – GM Pavillon360More products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream La Fresque / Ithaques + Atelier WRASave this projectSaveLa Fresque / Ithaques + Atelier WRA La Fresque / Ithaques + Atelier WRA “COPY” Area:  2100 m² Area:  2100 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Save this picture!© Sergio Grazia+ 27 Share 2013 ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/463386/la-fresque-ithaques-atelier-wra Clipboard ArchDaily photographs:  Sergio GraziaPhotographs:  Sergio GraziaSave this picture!© Sergio GraziaRecommended ProductsCeramicsApariciPorcelain Tiles – TangoCeramicsTerrealTerracotta Baguettes in Vork CenterCeramicsGrespaniaWall Tiles – Wabi SabiCeramicsApavisaTiles – JewelsText description provided by the architects. The architectural project is clear: regular windows are those of student housing. The large faults indicate (and light) circulations. They divide the building different volumes whose skin reflects the context : very mineral side city, wood forest side … Save this picture!© Sergio GraziaGood building, simple idea, nice details, it looks like it has nothing to hide but… It’s a timber structure building of 5 floors, placed on a pre-existing infrastructure. Save this picture!© Sergio GraziaThe wooden building is unmarked. This not ostentatious environmental approach was a bit complex to implement, but it is exciting because it shows that it is possible to build wood without writing specific! It’s now possible to produce open, free architecture, while monitoring its grey energy rates. Save this picture!Floor PlanProject gallerySee allShow lessWe Need More ‘Building’ in Architecture SchoolArchitecture NewsRefurbishment for Tobías & Reme / Pablo Muñoz Payá ArquitectosSelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:Versailles, FranceLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Sharelast_img read more

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Bosses drop down the corporate ladder for Marie Curie Cancer Care

first_imgBosses drop down the corporate ladder for Marie Curie Cancer Care AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: corporate Events The sponsorship money raised by Sorbie and other bosses involved in Back to the Shop Floor will help Marie Curie Cancer Care provide high quality nursing to terminally ill people, giving them the choice of dying at home supported by their families.  43 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThiscenter_img Business leaders across the UK are getting a taste of their first job as part of Marie Curie Cancer Care’s ‘Back to the Shop Floor’ fundraising appeal this month, sponsored by Persimmon Homes.Participants in the campaign already include top hairdresser Trevor Sorbie, Marie Curie Nurse of the Year, Dawn Dyne, and Persimmon Homes’ Group Chief Executive and Group Development Director Hairdresser Trevor Sorbie joined a team of 10 juniors at his Covent Garden salon to undertake a role he hadn’t carried out for 43 years. Dressed as one of his team Trevor did everything from shampooing clients to making teas and coffees, sweeping the floor, running errands, checking stock display and cleaning. He says that he found the experience so valuable that he is going to be heading Back to the Shop Floor regularly from now on – ‘becoming’ a junior for one day each month. Advertisement Howard Lake | 27 October 2007 | News About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

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U.S. Air Force Provides Ramsey Solutions’ Personal Finance Curriculum to 150 United States Schools

first_img U.S. Air Force Provides Ramsey Solutions’ Personal Finance Curriculum to 150 United States Schools WhatsApp Twitter Previous articleLuminar to Redeem Public Warrants; Expects to Receive Up to $153 MillionNext articleConsilio Launches Key Enhancements to Brand Platform, Consilio Complete Digital AIM Web Support NASHVILLE, Tenn.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 3, 2021– At the end of 2020, 90% of Americans said finances impacted their anxiety and stress. To empower the next generation with the knowledge and confidence they need to avoid money stress in the future, the U.S. Air Force is providing Ramsey Solutions’ Foundations in Personal Finance c urriculum to 150 high schools across the United States. Personal finance expert Dave Ramsey created Foundations in Personal Finance, an easy-to-use, turn-key school curriculum that teaches students the value of saving, spending, and giving to guide them down the path of financial literacy. “The pandemic has taught us all many lessons, one being that becoming financially responsible can save you in times of trouble,” said Jim King, Executive Vice President of Ramsey Education. “Ramsey Solutions is honored to come together with the Air Force and provide a source of financial education for students to be well-prepared for the real world.” Ramsey Solutions and the Air Force share the common mission of helping people in various aspects of their lives. “Ramsey Solutions is committed to helping people build wealth, grow their leadership skills and enhance their lives through personal development,” said Major Jason Wyche, Chief, Air Force National Events Branch at Air Force Recruiting Service. “This commitment falls directly in line with the Air Force Core Values of Integrity, Service, and Excellence. This partnership allows the U.S. Air Force to share opportunities for individuals to continue their growth through service to their nation and be a part of something bigger than themselves.” More than five million students have taken Foundations in Personal Finance in middle schools, high schools and universities. Foundations in Personal Finance can be used as a resource to fulfill requirements in mathematics, economics, family and consumer sciences, social studies, business mathematics and personal finance. Ramsey Education is a division of Ramsey Solutions. For more information about the curriculum, go to https://www.ramseyeducation.com/. About Ramsey Solutions Ramsey Solutions is committed to empowering people in the areas of money, business, leadership and personal development using Biblically based, commonsense principles and education. Every day, Ramsey Solutions reaches millions with nationally syndicated radio shows and columns, #1 national best-selling books, products and courses and industry-renowned podcasts and video channels. Ramsey Solutions’ world-class speakers and authors give inspiration, practical advice and hope to audiences across the country. Recognized by Inc. Magazine as one of best places to work in the country, Ramsey Solutions and its team of more than 950 are dedicated to doing work that matters. For more information, visit ramseysolutions.com. View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210203005557/en/ CONTACT: U.S. Air Force Media Contact: Leslie Brown, AFRS Chief of Public Affairs [email protected] 210-565-4687U.S. Air Force Interest Opportunities Visit: https://www.airforce.com/ Call: l 800-423-USAF Ramsey Solutions Contact: Megan McConnell [email protected] 615-614-4849 KEYWORD: UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA TENNESSEE INDUSTRY KEYWORD: PRIMARY/SECONDARY PROFESSIONAL SERVICES EDUCATION WHITE HOUSE/FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PUBLIC POLICY/GOVERNMENT FINANCE OTHER EDUCATION SOURCE: Ramsey Solutions Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/03/2021 09:00 AM/DISC: 02/03/2021 09:01 AM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210203005557/en By Digital AIM Web Support – February 3, 2021 Pinterest Local NewsBusinesscenter_img TAGS  Facebook WhatsApp Twitter Pinterest Facebooklast_img read more

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Safoora Zargar Bail Order : When Muddled Reasoning Defeats Personal Liberty

first_imgColumnsSafoora Zargar Bail Order : When Muddled Reasoning Defeats Personal Liberty Manu Sebastian4 Jun 2020 9:20 PMShare This – xIn a manner which is shockingly casual, the stringent provisions of UAPA were roped in.The order passed by Additional Sessions Court, Patiala House, New Delhi refusing bail to Jamia Milia University scholar Safoora Zargar is based on muddled reasoning, circular logic and wild speculations.27- year old Zargar, who is in the second trimester of her pregnancy, is facing allegations of committing offences under the Indian Penal Code and the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act for…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe order passed by Additional Sessions Court, Patiala House, New Delhi refusing bail to Jamia Milia University scholar Safoora Zargar is based on muddled reasoning, circular logic and wild speculations.27- year old Zargar, who is in the second trimester of her pregnancy, is facing allegations of committing offences under the Indian Penal Code and the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act for the alleged conspiracy behind the riots which occurred in Delhi in February.The prosecution alleged that her “inflammatory speech” on February 23 led to violence and rioting in North East Delhi.Zargar’s counsel argued that she was only holding legitimate and peaceful protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act in accordance with her constitutionally guaranteed fundamental right to speech and expression. Even assuming the prosecution case to be true for argument case, there is no ground to invoke the stringent provisions of UAPA, the counsel argued in the alternative.The counsel also sought bail on humanitarian grounds saying that Zargar was 21-weeks pregnant and was suffering from Poly Cystic Ovarian Disorder and urinary tract infection.Rejecting these submissions, the Court denied bail, citing Section 43D(5) of UAPA, which says that bail should not be granted if a prima facie case is made out. But to apply Section 43D(5), the Court should first explain if the case will fall under UAPA, prima facie.  It is here, in explaining this aspect, that one would find the most egregious aspects of the order.Based on materials produced by the prosecution, such as whatsapp chats and witness statements recorded under Sections 161/164 CrPC, the Court stated that there is “prima facie evidence to show that there was a conspiracy to at least blockade the road (chakka jam)”.From this minor strip of prima facie case for road blockade, the order takes off on a fanciful flight to UAPA.Immediately after stating that the accused conspired for road blockade, the Court says “one cannot ignore the case of the prosecution that the accused persons have conspired to cause disruption of such an extent and such a magnitude that it would lead to disorderliness and disturbance of law and order at an unprecedented scale”(emphasis supplied).As evident, one can find the usage of a lot of vague terms here, such as “disruption of such an extent..such a magnitude”, “unprecedented scale”. Are these expressions in reference to the “road blockade” alleged to have been organized by the accused? There is no specific explanation given, forcing one to speculate. Anyhow, the Court abruptly states that this is a ground to validly invoke UAPA, leaving one perplexed if a “road blockade” as part of a protest can lead to UAPA. Shockingly, this conclusion is solely based on the “case of the prosecution”, which has not been tested against the arguments of the accused.Next, one can see a constrained attempt by the Court to say that the acts of the accused (road blockade!) amounts to “unlawful activity” under Section 2(o) of the UAPA.Section 2(o) of the UAPA lists three different acts which can become “unlawful activity”. The one which is relevant for this discussion is clause (iii) of Section 2(o), which says an act which causes or is intended to cause disaffection against India amounts to “unlawful activity”. The phrase “disaffection against India”, has been well explained in a plethora of judgments such as Kedar Nath Singh vs State of Bihar, in the context of sedition punishable under Section 124A IPC. The settled law is that mere expression of dissent against government will not be “disaffection against India”. In Kedarnath, the SC read down Section 124A to hold that the application of sedition should be limited to “acts involving intention or tendency to create disorder, or disturbance of law and order; or incitement to violence”.Quoting these words from Kedarnath decision, the Court here jumps into a stretched conclusion, that “any activity which has a tendency to create a disorder or disturbance of law and order to such an extent that an entire city is brought to its knees and entire government machinery is brought to a grinding halt, such an activity would obviously be an unlawful activity within the meaning of Section 2(o) of UAPA”(emphasis supplied)There are two major problems with Court’s approach here.Firstly, the Court ignores the subsequent evolution in the jurisprudence of sedition and anti-terror laws, which imported the conditions of ‘overt acts’ and ‘imminent violence’ to criminalize speech and expression of opinion (Balwant Singh, Arup Bhuyan cases). It can be gathered from these line of judgments that the mere speech or statements, without any overt violent act, or incitement of imminent violence will not amount to offences against the State. The judgment in Balwant Singh case has also laid down the additional test of examining the response the alleged act has evoked in public. The Court omitted to see these safeguards introduced by SC precedents to check arbitrary use of anti-terror laws. Also, the Court did not bother to discuss if the ‘test of imminence’ was satisfied in this case. Even from the prosecution’s case, one does not see an argument that the road blockade allegedly organized by the applicant had led to imminent violence. The order does not provide any prima facie nexus between the acts of the accused and the violence which happened in North East Delhi on February 23.Secondly, the court equates “disturbance of law and order ” with “disaffection”. The UAPA does not define what “disaffection” means. But since the Court invoked the tests of sedition applied in Kedarnath case, it should be apposite to refer to the definition of ‘disaffection’ under Section 124A IPC. “The expression “disaffection” includes disloyalty and all feelings of enmity”, as per Explanation 1 of Section 124A IPC.Every case of disorder of law and order will not become “disaffection against the State”.Therefore, without any finding that there were feelings of “disloyalty or enmity”, the Court could not have characterized mere acts of disorder of law and order as “disaffection”. Unfortunately, that is what the Court exactly did, by saying that any act of disturbance to public order so as to bring a city to its knees and government machinery to grinding halt is “obviously” an unlawful activity. Thus, in a manner which is shockingly casual, the stringent provisions of UAPA were roped in.Next, the Court says that the accused can be made liable for the acts and words of her co-conspirators. But for that, there should be evidence of criminal conspiracy. This is where one sees the roundabout logic in the judgment. The Court starts with the premise that there is conspiracy, without discussing any material in support of that conclusion. The only conspiracy which the Court found was the one to create road blockade and there is no explanation in the judgment as to how this can be extrapolated to conspiracy behind Delhi riots.The Court also employs empty rhetoric, perhaps to distract one from the shortcomings in reasoning, by saying “When you choose to play with embers, you cannot blame the wind to have carried the spark a bit too far and spread the fire”.True, there is an embargo under Section 43D(5) of UAPA in granting bail if there is a prima facie case. But that embargo is applicable only to offences under Chapters IV and VI of the UAPA, which deal with offences relating to “terrorist activities” and “membership of terrorist organizations”, respectively. A mere incident of “unlawful activity”, assuming the Court’s reasoning to be correct for argument sake, will not qualify as “terrorist act” as per UAPA. The Court’s order is absolutely silent on how the allegations against Zargar can be brought under Chapters IV and VI of the UAPA, so as to attract the embargo under Section 43D(5). The Court cannot evade its function by simply citing Section 43D(5). The Section says that should be ‘reasonable grounds’ for ‘believing’ that the accusation against such person is ‘prima facie true’. Therefore, the Court has to judiciously establish with ‘reasons’ how the prima facie case is made out. In fact, it is expected that the Court employs more care and circumspection in forming satisfaction regarding prima facie case, in view of the stringent provisions of the UAPA. In a recent judgment in reference to this provision, the SC expressed that “it is the duty of the Court to be satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the accusation against the accused is prima facie true or otherwise” (NIA vs Zahoor Ahmed Shah Watali).On the contrary, the Court here demonstrated a perfunctory approach. The case here fails to pass the muster of prima facie case for UAPA, even applying the yardstick of “broad probabilities” discussed by the SC in Watali case.The Court said that it was not concerned with the sanctity of the materials at this stage, and was considering the same only for the purpose of ascertaining the existence of prima facie case. As per the Court’s own words, the prima facie case revealed by the materials of the prosecution was a conspiracy for road blockade, which at best attracts bailable offences under the IPC. The matter, ideally, ought to have ended there. But the Court stretched such a prima facie case to “unlawful activity” under UAPA, equating “disturbance to law and order” with “disaffection”, and by attributing acts of invisible co-conspirators to the applicant, without caring to establish the existence of criminal conspiracy at first.This topsy-turvy approach resulted in prolonging the custody of a pregnant student in an overcrowded prison, amid the threat of a pandemic, making a cruel joke on the constitutional guarantee of personal liberty.  Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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Punjab & Haryana High Court Declares Faridkot Maharaja’s Will As Forged; Divides Estate Between Two Surviving Daughters And Nephew [Read Judgment]

first_imgNews UpdatesPunjab & Haryana High Court Declares Faridkot Maharaja’s Will As Forged; Divides Estate Between Two Surviving Daughters And Nephew [Read Judgment] Nitish Kashyap13 Jun 2020 11:51 PMShare This – xThe High Court of Punjab and Haryana on Wednesday held that the will of the former Maharaja of the erstwhile state of Faridkot which was made public over 30 years ago, was forged by the persons in-charge at the time in order to plunder the entire estate valued at over Rs.20,000 crores. Justice Raj Mohan Singh in a 547-page judgment declared that the two surviving daughters of the late…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe High Court of Punjab and Haryana on Wednesday held that the will of the former Maharaja of the erstwhile state of Faridkot which was made public over 30 years ago, was forged by the persons in-charge at the time in order to plunder the entire estate valued at over Rs.20,000 crores. Justice Raj Mohan Singh in a 547-page judgment declared that the two surviving daughters of the late Raja, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur and Maharani Deepinder Singh were entitled to inherit and share the properties in question. Court also allowed the claim of the late Raja’s nephew Amrinder Singh Brar to proportionate share in the Raja’s estate. He relied on the registered will of Maharani Mohinder Kaur (Raja’s Mother) dated March 1990. Case Background Late Maharaja Colonel Sir Harinder Singh Brar was the last ruler of the former Faridkot State. He was born on January 29, 1915 and was the eldest son of Maharaja HS Farjand-iSaddat-Nishan Hazrat-i-Kesar-i-Hind Maharaja Brij Inder Singh Brar Bans Bahadur. Raja Harinder Singh Brar died on October 16, 1989 at Batra Hospital in Delhi. His only son Tikka Harmohinder Singh died on October 13, 1981. He was survived by three daughters namely Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Rajkumari Deepinder Kaur and Rajkumari Mahipinder Kaur. Wife of Raja Harinder Singh Brar had died during his lifetime, however she was alive on June 1,.1982, the date on which Raja Harinder Singh Brar is purported to have executed the alleged Will. On October 20, 1989, Board of Trustees and Executors assembled in the Palace known as Moti Mahal Qila Mubarik, Faridkot, where Sardar Umrao Singh Dhaliwal read over the contents of Will in the presence of everyone. As per the said will, the late Raja Harinder Singh Brar had bequeathed his entire properties in favour of a Trust known as Maharwal Khewaji Trust with definite Board of Trustees for the benefit of the public at large. The Raja’s eldest daughter Amrit Kaur was disinherited and excluded from the will reportedly for marrying against his wishes in 1952, but no reason was mentioned in the will. Whereas, his other two daughters Deepinder Kaur and Mahipinder Kaur were made Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of said Trust. Thereafter, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur filed a suit for declaration that she is owner of 1/3rd share in the property along with consequential relief of joint possession with her two sisters.At a subsequent stage, she also challenged the Will by way of amendment and claimed ownership of the entire estate left by the deceased Raja on the basis of The Raja of Faridkot’s Estate Act, 1948. The second suit was filed by the Raja’s brother Kanwar Bharat Inder Singh (now deceased) through hsi LR Kanwar Amarinder Singh Brar seeking inheritance of the entire estate of deceased Raja Harinder Singh on the basis of Rule of Primogeniture, besides challenging the Will dated June 1, 1982 being null and void. Both the suits were ordered to be consolidated and evidence was led. Submissions Rajkumari Amrit Kaur referred to the Covenant/Agreement of accession between the sovereign state of Faridkot and Government of India. As a result of the Covenant, the Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) came into being. It was a union of eight princely states wherein the Rulers of covenanting States were required to submit a list of properties to the Rajpramukh which they wanted to keep as personal properties. It was submitted on behalf of Rajkumari Kaur that her father Raja Harinder Singh Brar’s properties submitted before the Union were treated to be the ancestral as well private individual properties, subject to the law of inheritance. The inheritance of such properties cannot be governed by the Rule of Primogeniture as it is a feudal law and the same is discriminatory because it excludes females in the matter of inheritance, the plaintiff contended. Rajkmari Kaur asserted that the properties in dispute are joint Hindu and ancestral properties, therefore, she is entitled to succeed to the properties along with her sisters after the death of Raja Harinder Singh Brar as he had no right to alienate such ancestral joint Hindu family properties by way of alleged Will and also she is the eldest surviving child and there is no male child. Moreover, the Will is the result of misrepresentation, undue influence played upon the late Raja by Brijinder Pal Singh Brar, Advocate for one of the attesting witnesses of the Will, plaintiff contended. She alleged that after the death of Raja’s only son, he used to remain depressed. After about eight months, the Will in question was allegedly executed with the help of the beneficiaries as the Raja was surrounded by the coterie around him, who took advantage of the Raja’s vulnerability and exercised undue influence upon him by way of misrepresentation and fraud. On the other hand, the late Raja’s brother Kanwar Manjit Inder Singh questioned the entitlement of the plaintiff viz-a-viz. the properties left by late Raja Harinder Singh. He claimed that in the matter of succession rule of lineal primogeniture would apply. In the absence of male living child, the brothers would succeed the late Raja Harinder Singh Brar and he would inherit all the moveable and immovable properties left by Raja Harinder Singh Brar. According to Rule of Primogeniture, females do not inherit any property and no cause of action is accrued in favour of the plaintiff to file the suit in question. The trial Court, ultimately, on the basis of evidence held that the Will does not appear to be genuine as there are a large number of suspicious circumstances proving the Will to be an invalid document. Trial Court also held that Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was entitled to joint possession to the extent ½ of all the properties with Maharani Deepinder Kaur. As regards applicability of the Rule of Primogeniture to the estate of Raja Harinder Singh, the trial Court held that the said rule is not applicable, nor The Raja of Faridkot’s Estate Act, 1948 applies to the case. The trial Court further held that in the earlier suits decided by the Courts at District Faridkot, the plaintiff Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was not party in those cases, therefore, the plaintiff was not bound by the earlier judgments. Aggrieved by the judgment of the Civil Judge, Chandigarh Rajkumari Amrit Kaur moved the High Court claiming the entire estate of her father and challenged the Will. Judgment After examining statements of several witness including parties in the case, Court noted that there were significant questions regarding the validity of the will- “The entire testimony of DW-3 Maharani Deepinder Kaur would show that a false story regarding discovery of alleged Will from the personal locker of Raja was made on October 20, 1989. The locker was being operated by the Raja personally. The alleged Will was shown to be taken out from the locker by an employee of Raja namely US Dhaliwal, who opened the same o in the absence of all the three daughters and mother of Raja. Although Maharani Deepinder Kaur and Rajkumari Amrit Kaur were present in Raj Mahal at the time.” Moreover, declarations were made on October 17, 1989 (before the will was discovered) from employees of Raja that now they are employees of the Trust and the Trust has taken over possession and control of Raja’s Estate. “The said declarations were nothing but a forecast from undisclosed sources. By that time, nobody was in knowledge about the existence of Trust and the Will in question. The manner in which the declarant got to know about the Will which was not even disclosed on 17.10.1989, remained a hidden mystery and the irresistible conclusion is that the alleged Will was not executed by the Raja, rather the same was the result of evil design of the persons in command, who utilized their resources to plunder the entire Estate of Raja”, Court observed. Court concluded that the will was forged and declared it to be null and void- “Over all testimony and admissions made by DW-3 Maharani Deepinder Kaur would destroy the authenticity of the Will to the hilt. Hence the alleged Will dated 01.06.1982 is proved to be forged, fabricated and shrouded with suspicious circumstances on the basis of statement of DW-3 Maharani Deepinder Kaur.” Also, as regards the registered will of Maharani Mohinder Kaur (mother of the late Raja) dated March 29, 1990, Court noted that she being one of the first class heirs of Raja would have succeeded part of the estate/properties of the late Raja. Therefore, the appellant Amarinder Singh Brar would succeed to the said proportionate share in the estate of late Raja in accordance with law. Senior Advocate Manjit Khair appeared on behalf of Rajkumari Amrit Kaur and the Raja’s nephew Kanwar Amrinder Singh Brar, whereas Senior Advocate Ashok Aggarwal appeared for Maharani Deepinder Kaur.Click Here To Download Judgment[Read Judgment]Next Storylast_img read more

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SC Collegium Recommends 2 Lawyers and 2 Judicial Officers As Kerala HC Judges [Read Statement]

first_imgNews UpdatesSC Collegium Recommends 2 Lawyers and 2 Judicial Officers As Kerala HC Judges [Read Statement] LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK17 Aug 2020 5:39 AMShare This – xThe Supreme Court Collegium has approved the proposal to elevate Advocates Murali Purushothaman and Ziyad Rahman A.A., and Judicial Officers, Karunakaran Babu and Dr. Kauser Edappagath as Judges of High Court of Kerala.The Supreme Court Collegium gave this approval in its meeting held on 14th August.Judge Dr. Kauser Edappagath is currently the Principal District and…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court Collegium has approved the proposal to elevate Advocates Murali Purushothaman and Ziyad Rahman A.A., and Judicial Officers, Karunakaran Babu and Dr. Kauser Edappagath as Judges of High Court of Kerala.The Supreme Court Collegium gave this approval in its meeting held on 14th August.Judge Dr. Kauser Edappagath is currently the Principal District and Sessions Judge, Ernakulam and Karunakaran Babu is the Principal District Judge, Thiruvananthapuram.Click here to Read/Download StatementSubscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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